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Rheumatoid Arthritis Model

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by immune attack on joint tissue and results in synovial hyperplasia, destruction and remodeling of joint cartilage and bone. Mechanism of RA pathogenesis still remains unclear, therefore pathogenic and therapeutic studies for RA are import topics for many researchers and industries. Creative Animodel fully understand the value of RA researches and provides top-quality animal model services for RA researchers.

Why Primates?
Primates have long provided as research models for studying complexities of human diseases due to sharing similar genetic and physiological patterns, as well as large size of organs and tissues.

CIA Modeling Development
Creative Animodel offers collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) primate model for RA researchers. In CIA model, heterologous collagen bovine type II (B-CII) extracted from enzymatically digested bovine hyaline cartilage, is used as foreign irritant to trigger inflammatory response in RA, induce autoimmune reaction in joint tissue and imitate physiological symptoms in primate. Creative Animodel also recommend marmoset RA model for related studies. This model has advantages of fast growth period, reduced capacity for facilities, and higher incidence of CIA model (>90%) than macaque (about 60%).

Clinical Observation
Following CIA model establishment, cage-side and clinical observations will be performed twice per week to evaluate animal status. Physical sign, body weight, temperature and behavioral changes are recorded according to documented procedures.

Research Tools
Creative Animodel provides complete set of tests for assessments of disease activities and effects of treatment in RA model.

Serum C-reactive protein, Neutrophils and platelets 
C-reactive protein, platelets, neutrophils and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-alpha) level in serum are important bio-markers indicating severity of arthritis and inflammation in CIA model.
Alkaline phosphatase
Bone metabolism can be assessed by monitoring enzyme alkaline phosphatase (ALP), which is equally synthesized in liver and osteoblasts and active during RA disease. When liver ALP level remain stable, enhanced ALP can be marker of ongoing joint erosion.
Immunological analysis for IgG and IgM
CIA-sensitive monkey is associated with MHC class I serotype Mamu-B26 (used to called A26). RA model resistant to CIA showed positive to Mamu-B26 and produce inadequate anti-CII IgM and normal IgG in immunological test.
Urinary excretion
Increased degradation products of collagen in urinary excretion are important signs for synovial inflammation and joint damage and can be detected by reversed-phase HPLC.
Histological analysis
Pathologists in Creative Animodel are very experienced. We conduct histological analyses by using well-proved grading system. Our routine pathological evaluations include inflammation, bone destruction and cartilage damage in knee joint, proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joint. Joint matrix and histological sections can be provided as request.
X-rays Imaging
Creative Animodel has well-trained technicians and state of the art facilities for CIA model imaging.

X-rays of normal primate finger joints Rheumatoid Arthritis Model
X-rays of RA primate finger joints

Creative Animodel is a reliable collaborator and we dedicate to provide the most suitable animal models of RA for our customers. Our experts and technical service will assist you and your team in researches of potential therapeutics of RA. To learn more about RA model, please contact our customer service. We looking forward to working with you.

* For research use only. Not intended for any clinical use.

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